Klasemen Kualifikasi Piala Dunia 2026 usai Indonesia Tekuk Filipina 2-0

Jakarta – Kemenangan atas Filipina memastikan Indonesia melaju ke putaran ketiga Kualifikasi Piala Dunia 2026 zona Asia. Garuda lolos sebagai runner-up Grup F di bawah Irak.
Bermain di Stadion Utama Gelora Bung Karno, Selasa (11/6/2024), skuad asuhan Shin Tae-yong menang 2-0 berkat gol tembakan jarak jauh Thom Haye pada menit ke-32 dan sundulan Rizky Ridho pada menit ke-56.

Tambahan 3 poin membuat Indonesia finis di posisi dua klasemen Grup F dengan 10 poin dari enam laga, hasil tiga kemenangan dari sekali seri. Posisi Merah Putih takkan bisa disalip Vietnam yang baru meraih 6 poin dari lima laga, terlepas hasil mereka melawan Irak yang akan digelar Rabu (12/6) pukul 01.00 WIB.

Indonesia akan menjalani putaran ketiga pada September 2024 – Juni 2025. 18 negara yang lolos dibagi ke dalam tiga grup, masing-masing berisi enam tim. Dua tim teratas lolos langsung ke Piala Dunia, sedangkan peringkat 3-4 akan menjalani putaran empat untuk memperebutkan sisa dua tiket langsung.

Keberhasilan menapak ke putaran tiga juga memastikan Indonesia lolos langsung ke Piala Asia 2027 yang akan digelar di Arab Saudi. Sedangkan Vietnam dan Filipina yang tersisih dari Kualifikasi Piala Dunia akan beralih mengikuti putaran ketiga Kualifikasi Piala Asia demi raih sisa enam tiket yang tersedia.

Klasemen Grup F usai Indonesia mengalahkan Filipina 2-0


Israeli tanks reach central Rafah as strikes continue

Rushdi Abu Alouf,David GrittenShare

Reuters A man and a young boy walk among ruins in Rafah

Israeli forces have reportedly reached the centre of the southern Gaza city of Rafah and seized a strategically important hill overlooking the nearby border with Egypt.

Witnesses and local journalists said tanks were stationed at al-Awda roundabout, which is considered a key landmark.

They also said tanks were on Zoroub Hill, effectively giving Israel control of the Philadelphi Corridor – a narrow strip of land running along the border to the sea.

The Israeli military said its troops were continuing activities against “terror targets” in Rafah, three weeks after it launched the ground operation there.

Western areas of the city also came under intense bombardment overnight, residents said, despite international condemnation of an Israeli air strike and a resulting fire on Sunday that killed dozens of Palestinians at a tented camp for displaced people.

The Israeli military said it was investigating the possibility that the fire was caused by the explosion of weapons stored by Hamas in the vicinity.

It also denied reports from local health and emergency services officials on Tuesday afternoon that tank shells had hit another camp in al-Mawasi, on the coast west of Rafah, killing at least 21 people.

Reuters news agency cited local health officials as saying the blast occurred after Israeli tank shells hit a cluster of tents in al-Mawasi on Tuesday. An official in the Hamas-run civil defence force also told AFP there had been a deadly Israeli strike on tents.

Videos posted to social media and analysed by BBC Verify showed multiple people with serious injuries, some lying motionless on the ground, near tents and other temporary structures.

There was no clear sign of a blast zone or crater, making it impossible to ascertain the cause of the incident. The location – verified through reference to surrounding buildings – is between Rafah and al-Mawasi, and lies south of the IDF’s designated humanitarian zone.

The IDF said in a statement: “Contrary to the reports from the last few hours, the IDF did not strike in the humanitarian area in al-Mawasi.”

Israel has insisted that victory in its seven-month war with Hamas in Gaza is impossible without taking Rafah and rejected warnings that it could have catastrophic humanitarian consequences.

The UN says around a million people have now fled the fighting in Rafah, but several hundred thousand more could still be sheltering there.

The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) began what they called “targeted” ground operations against Hamas fighters and infrastructure in the east of Rafah on 6 May.

Since then, tanks and troops have gradually pushed into built-up eastern and central areas while also moving northwards along the 13km (8-mile) border with Egypt.

On Tuesday, they reportedly reached the city centre for the first time.

The al-Awda roundabout, which is only 800m (2,600 ft) from the border, is the location of major banks, government institutions, businesses, and shops.

One witness said they saw soldiers position themselves at the top of a building overlooking the roundabout and then begin to shoot at anyone who was moving.

Video posted online meanwhile showed tank track marks on a road about 3km west of al-Awda roundabout and 300m from the Indonesian field hospital, which was damaged overnight.

Reuters A Palestinian girl sits on top of possessions being transported by a cart in Rafah, in the southern Gaza Strip (28 May 2024)
The UN says around a million people have fled Rafah since the start of the Israeli ground operation in the city

Earlier, residents told the BBC that tanks seized Zoroub Hill, about 2.5km north-west of al-Awda roundabout, after gun battles with Hamas-led fighters.

The hill is highest point along the Egyptian border and its seizure means the entire Gazan side of the border is now effectively under Israeli control.

Zoroub Hill also overlooks western Rafah, where residents said there had been the heaviest air and artillery strikes overnight since the start of the Israeli operation.

A local journalist said the bombardment forced hundreds of families to seek temporary shelter in the courtyard of a hospital, while ambulances struggled to reach casualties in the affected areas.

At dawn, thousands of people were seen heading north, crammed into cars and lorries and onto carts pulled by donkeys and horses.

“The explosions are rattling our tent, my children are frightened, and my sick father makes it impossible for us to escape the darkness,” resident Khaled Mahmoud told the BBC.

“We are supposed to be in a safe zone according to the Israeli army, yet we have not received evacuation orders like those in the eastern [Rafah] region,” he added. “We fear for our lives if no-one steps in to protect us.

The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) did not comment on the various reports but put out a statement saying that “overnight troops operated on the Philadelphi Corridor while conducting precise operational activity based on intelligence indicating the presence of terror targets in the area”.

“The activity is being conducted as efforts are continuing to be made in order to prevent harm to uninvolved civilians in the area,” it added.

“The troops are engaging with terrorists in close-quarters combat and locating terror tunnel shafts, weapons, and additional terrorist infrastructure in the area.”

The IDF has told civilians in eastern Rafah to evacuate for their own safety to an “expanded humanitarian area” stretching from al-Mawasi, a coastal area just north of Rafah, to the central town of Deir al-Balah.

EPA A Palestinian woman reacts next to tents destroyed by a fire triggered by an Israeli air strike in western Rafah on Sunday, in the southern Gaza Strip (28 May 2024)
Israel’s prime minister said the killing of civilians in an air strike and resulting fire in Rafah on Sunday was a “tragedy”

On Sunday night, at least 45 people – more than half of them children, women and the elderly – were killed when an Israeli air strike triggered a huge fire in a camp for displaced people near a UN logistics base in the Tal al-Sultan area, according to the Hamas-run health ministry.

Hundreds more were treated for severe burns, fractures and shrapnel wounds.

The IDF said it was targeting two senior Hamas officials in the attack, which happened hours after Hamas fighters in south-eastern Rafah launched rockets towards the Israeli city of Tel Aviv for the first time in months.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said a “tragic incident” had occurred “despite our immense efforts to avoid harming non-combatants” and promised a thorough investigation.

IDF chief spokesman Rear Admiral Daniel Hagari said on Tuesday that the strike had targeted a structure used by the Hamas commanders which was away from any tents, using “two munitions with small warheads”.

“Following this strike, a large fire ignited for reasons that are still being investigated. Our munitions alone could not have ignited a fire of this size,” he said.

Rear Adm Hagari added that investigators were looking into the possibility that the fire was caused by the explosion of weapons or ammunition stored in a nearby structure, and played what he said was an intercepted telephone conversation between two Gazans suggesting that. The audio recording could not immediately be verified.

Sam Rose of the UN agency for Palestinian refugees, Unrwa, told the BBC from western Rafah that the killing of so many civilians could not be dismissed as an accident.

“Gaza was already one of the most overcrowded places on the planet. It is absolutely impossible to prosecute a military campaign involving large-scale munitions, strikes from the sky, the sea, the tanks, without exacting large-scale civilian casualties,” he said.

“It seems like we are plumbing new depths of horror, bloodshed and brutality with every single day. And if this isn’t a wake-up call, then it’s hard to see what will be.”

Last week, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) ordered Israel to “immediately halt its military offensive, and any other action in the Rafah Governorate, which may inflict on the Palestinian group in Gaza conditions of life that could bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part”.

Israel launched a military campaign in Gaza to destroy Hamas in response to the group’s cross-border attack on southern Israel on 7 October, during which about 1,200 people were killed and 252 others were taken hostage.

At least 36,090 people have been killed in Gaza since then, according to the Hamas-run health ministry.

Domestic tourism soars in China but foreigners stay away

BBC/KATHERINA TSE A popular thing to do in Wuzhen is to pose for photos dressed in traditional hanfu clothing
A popular thing to do in Wuzhen is pose for photos dressed in traditional hanfu clothing

With the Chinese economy facing massive challenges, there have been concerns over its growth potential, at least in the immediate future.

Yet a key exception is emerging in the form of domestic tourism.

Last week’s five-day public holiday to mark labour day saw 295 million trips made within China, according to figures from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. This was 28% higher than pre-pandemic figures recorded in 2019.

The Transport Ministry’s figures are also staggering: 92 million rail trips; almost 10 million air trips and 1.25 billion highway journeys.

However, this comes as international arrivals continue to lag, with foreigners currently entering China at barely 30% of 2019 levels. Why the disparity?

The beautiful historical river town of Wuzhen, a short drive from Shanghai, is considered one of China’s top visitor sites for travellers of all types. When we arrive the little pathways and old bridges which cross narrow waterways are filled with visitors.

A popular thing to do in Wuzhen is to pose for photos dressed in traditional hanfu clothing – as if you have really been transported back hundreds of years.

Two women in their 20s, friends since high school, are visiting from Jilin Province in the north east. After arriving, they spend an hour getting their hair done in an elaborate imperial-era style – and they are full of praise for Wuzhen’s classical beauty.

We ask if, following the post-Covid opening up, many of their family and other friends have been travelling much? “Of course, after the pandemic, we’re all visiting other places.”

Nearby a local man who is selling ice-creams also says tourist numbers are “not that bad lately”.

As good as before Covid? “Almost the same,” he replies.

Shopkeeper Wang Ying, who sells traditional snacks, echoes this sentiment with a big smile on her face. “Business is going well, and it’ll only get better.”

BBC/KATHERINA TSE Wuzhen is considered one of China's top visitor sites
Wuzhen is considered one of China’s top visitor sites

All this will be seen as good news for the Chinese government. It’s been saying that a push on domestic consumption can counter the significant faltering portions of the economy.

Major players in the once-mighty property sector are struggling to stay afloat, local government debt continues to rise, and persistent youth unemployment has left highly qualified university graduates uncertain of their future.

Amid all these challenges, the Communist Party has set a target of “around 5%” GDP growth for this year. Apart from the fact that analysts have long questioned the veracity of the country’s official growth figures, economists are also asking how such a target can be reached, in any genuine sense, in 2024 without significant extra stimulus.

One lifeline could be a more buoyant travel scene which could bring broader business opportunities and greater service industry employment.

Schubert Lou, chief operating officer at travel agency Trip.com, told the BBC: “We’ve seen very strong domestic travel demand with search volumes in hotels up 67% compared to last year, and flight volumes up 80%.”

Tourism industry consultant Peng Han from Travel Daily is following the investment trail to see how the business community really views the possibilities in the sector.

“With famous international hotel brands – like Intercontinental, Marriott and Hilton – you just have to look at their growth in China in 2023,” he says. “Then check the performance goals for these large hotel groups in 2024 which have also been set relatively high. This shows that they are very optimistic about the growth potential of the Chinese market.”

But, while the volume of local travellers might be up, Mr Peng does point to the problem of per capita consumption which remains persistently low.

He says general uncertainty about the Chinese economy is putting more emphasis on saving, so people are looking for good value options. They are going on holidays and paying for things but doing so much more frugally.

This is where an increase in big-spending foreigners could help. But they are simply not travelling to China in the numbers they used to.

In 2019, nearly 98 million international visitors came to the country. Last year it was only 35 million – including business trips, students and the like. Mr Lou describes the domestic versus international market as “uneven”.

For many in the tourism industry here specialising in services for foreign travellers, “uneven” would be an understatement. Three years of harsh Covid prevention measures drove down arrivals from other countries, but that alone can’t account for the current situation.

Huang Songshan, the head of the Centre for Tourism Research in the School of Business and Law at Australia’s Edith Cowan University, blames this weakness in part to “the shifting geopolitical landscape globally”.

Getty Images Chinese performer
China’s culture and heritage has traditionally been a big draw for tourists

In the peer-reviewed East Asia Forum, he pointed to a 2023 survey carried out by the Pew Research Centre, writing that, “Most individuals in Western nations hold unfavourable views towards China. The Chinese government’s tightening grip on societal regulations could potentially cause discomfort for foreign travellers in China.”

Official travel advice from some governments echo this sentiment, at times quite harshly.

Washington warns potential travellers to “reconsider travel to Mainland China due to the arbitrary enforcement of local laws, including in relation to exit bans, and the risk of wrongful detentions”.

Australia advises “a high degree of caution” warning that “Australians may be at risk of arbitrary detention or harsh enforcement of local laws, including broadly defined National Security Laws”.

The political environment has also taken a toll on flight availability and price. This is especially the case with connections to and from North America. Last month’s 332 scheduled round trips between China and the US contrasts with 1,506 in April 2019.

As a result, finding a seat on a direct flight can be extremely difficult and those that are available are very expensive.

President Xi Jinping made a speech at a dinner on the sidelines of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation conference in San Francisco last November addressing this point. “Today, President Biden and I reached important consensus,” he told the crowd.

“Our two countries will roll out more measures to facilitate travels and promote people-to-people exchanges, including increasing direct passenger flights, holding a high-level dialogue on tourism, and streamlining visa application procedures. We hope that our two peoples will make more visits, contacts and exchanges and write new stories of friendship in the new era.”

Washington has since increased the number of Chinese airline flights permitted to land – but only from 35 per week to 50. It is still well short of the 150 weekly trips pre-Covid.

The Biden administration is coming under pressure from unions and US airlines to not increase this any further because, they argue, Chinese airlines have an unfair advantage over them as they have state support; don’t face the same onerous Chinese regulations; and, crucially, can fly over Russian airspace, making trips shorter and cheaper.

A letter to the US government from the Chair of the House Committee on China, Mike Gallagher, and the committee’s top Democrat representative, Raja Krishnamoorthi, reads: “Should the US-China passenger carrier market expand without the US government addressing these significant issues, US aviation workers, travellers and airlines will pay a hefty price tag.”

Mr Lou says the frequency of international flight connections is definitely having an impact.

“What we are seeing right now, based on civil aviation data, is that inbound flight capacity won’t get back to even 80% of 2019 [levels] by the end of 2024.”

Then there are other potential turnoffs for those considering travelling in China, like the country’s state-of-the-art phone app payment and booking systems which work very smoothly for Chinese citizens and residents, but which can be an enormous headache if you have just arrived.

There are certain sites, transport options, and purchases which can only be accessed via Chinese electronic apps which are, at times, only available in Chinese.

Professor Chen Yong at Switzerland’s EHL Hospitality Business School is an authority on the economics of tourism in China. He thinks that hurdles relating to payment and booking apps can pose a real problem.

“Technologies such as social network websites, online maps, payment apps, among others, which foreigners have long been accustomed to using, are either unavailable or inaccessible when they travel to China,” he says.

“On the other hand, there are Chinese alternatives to these technologies that remain inaccessible to foreigners due to language barriers and differences in user habits. We need to bridge this divide because it affects the tourist industry badly.”

Back in Wuzhen, the presence of international travellers is much smaller than in years gone by, but there are still a few foreign faces in the crowd.

An Italian couple says the process of linking up to and using China’s payment apps was a challenge but that it was not insurmountable, though they add, with a laugh, that it is “much, much, much easier” if you have a Chinese friend to help you.

BBC/KATHERINA TSE Woman and child pose for selfies
Chinese officials have acknowledged that the foreign traveller numbers have been low but they are trying to turn this around

Eliseo, from California, says he has had problems making payments to small vendors who don’t accept credit cards and really no longer deal with cash. Another hurdle for him has been his bank at home which has blocked some payments, flagging them as potentially fraudulent coming from China.

Chinese officials have acknowledged that the foreign traveller numbers have been low but they are now trying to turn this around.

One way they’re attempting to attract more foreign visitors is by increasing the number of countries whose citizens don’t need a visa to enter. Trip.com says this resulted in an almost immediate increase in passenger arrivals from Southeast Asia.

In 23 Chinese cities, transit passengers from more than 50 countries are also able to stay for a few days visa free if they have an onward ticket. In Shanghai, hotels above a three-star level have been told that they should prepare to deal with international credit cards and an initial batch of 50 taxis have also started accepting them.

However, Professor Chen says “it would be too optimistic to envision a long-term growth in China’s inbound tourism”.

“The key is to establish a culture that puts service providers in the shoes of foreign tourists. They should imagine themselves being a foreigner who can’t speak or read Chinese and who doesn’t have a Chinese mobile number, payments apps and so on.”

He says that the culture around this can’t be changed overnight.

Yet, in places like Wuzhen – where the local travellers have already returned – the tourism companies are hoping that incredible sites like theirs will eventually be too much for foreigners to resist as well.

Lok Sabha 2024: The influencers driving India’s big election

BBC InfluencersBBCInfluencers like Ranting Gola (left) and Sham Sharma are using their social media presence to promote political parties

Just weeks before the first ballot was cast in this year’s Indian election, Prime Minister Narendra Modi was at an event in Delhi rubbing shoulders with people known by names like BeerBiceps and Curly Tales.

The event – an awards show, congratulating some of the country’s top social media stars on their work – was an acknowledgement of the power of the influencer which a few years ago may have seemed unimaginable.

And as politicians prepared to battle it out for India’s billion votes, these influencers were being lined up to play a crucial role in reaching the young, the disinterested and the disillusioned.

But even as some celebrate social media’s democratisation of the media – a place where any one can share their views freely – others paint a darker picture, one where threats are rife, and the truth can be set aside for the right pay cheque.

A decade ago, you would have struggled to find anyone calling themselves an “influencer”.

But now, says Vinay Deshpande, co-founder of Rajneethi, a political management consultant firm, “it’s become a profession”.

“I know teenagers who are doing this part-time to earn pocket money.”

Pocket money underplays the earning potential somewhat, however. At the lower end, people can charge around 2,000 rupees ($24; £19) a day, but top influencers can pull in about 500,000 rupees for a post – equivalent to the monthly salary of someone in top-level management.

The creator of the Ranting Gola channel revealed to the BBC that political parties and election management firms have offered as much as “100,000 to 500,000 rupees for a single campaign”.

It is no small amount – but then, it could turn the tide in a candidate’s favour.

Presentational grey line

Mr Deshpande says they have helped an opposition candidate win an assembly election by pushing out content through a curated list of local influencers with a small but active following.

“Social media content is powerful and can influence the way a person feels about an issue,” Mr Deshpande says. “It gives social currency to a belief or opinion – but this can lead to a lack of critical thinking about an issue,” he adds.

Preethi Aggarwal, 25, is one of those who turns to apps like Instagram, YouTube and Twitter to help her understand the news.

Like thousands of others, Ms Aggarwal follows a bunch of “political influencers”, or people who talk about politics on social media to “really understand what’s going on”.

“News can get boring and complicated sometimes. I think these people [influencers] make it fun and easier to understand,” she says, adding the context and their own perspective help her form her opinions.

But the problem is, whose perspective is she getting?

PMO India / YouTube InfluencersPMO India / YouTubePM Modi congratulated Ranveer Allahbadia (left, known as BeerBiceps) and other influencers at a recent event

YouTuber Samdish Bhatia reveals numerous politicians have reached out to him, especially in the months before this election, offering him millions of rupees to interview them.

“But they wanted me to share questions in advance or get the video approved before it’s published,” he says, adding that he declined the offers because he “likes to maintain editorial control”.

The particular trend for longer form, slightly chummy interviews – where politicians get to show off their human side – is particularly vulnerable to management, says Joyojeet Pal, an associate professor at the University of Michigan.

“Many of these interviews are carefully managed by politicians,” Mr Pal says.

But even if they aren’t, a gentler style of questioning can also blur the line between interview and promotion, says Mr Pal.

“If your questions aren’t holding power to account, then the interview just becomes a platform for easy publicity.”

But for Mr Pal, this is just one of the problems he sees with politics on social media.

In a recent research paper, he examined some of India’s top influencers and who they interviewed, finding BJP leaders were featured more often than opposition leaders.

His research also found an overall drop in the number of accounts posting content critical of the incumbent government in recent years, while the amount of pro-BJP content had increased.

“This hints at a growing hesitancy among people to be openly critical of the government whereas there seems to be more confidence in putting up polarising content or content that supports the government’s ideologies,” Mr Pal says.

“And this is dangerous for democracy,” he adds.

Getty Images InfluencersGetty ImagesEven in the most remote areas, Indians have access to a mobile phone and internet

Influencers supporting the opposition certainly suggested they were working in a hostile environment.

A number who post content that’s critical of the government declined to speak to the BBC for this piece citing fear of repercussions by the government. They also run their channels under pseudonyms to keep their identities secret.

The Ranting Gola told the BBC that she has often received comments that are abusive or threatening because of the videos she posts and that her Instagram account has been disabled numerous times, even though the platform hasn’t given her a clear reason for doing so.

She also only spoke to the BBC on the condition that her name not be revealed.

The BJP government has denied allegations that it has clamped down on dissent and free speech.

But even pro-BJP YouTuber Sham Sharma told the BBC that freedom of speech could be a problem in India:

0:52YouTuber Sham Sharma talks about the positives and perils of sharing his views online.

But even given these concerns, opposition parties are using the same influencer system to reach voters in what they say is a difficult environment.

“The mainstream media has been taken over by the BJP,” alleges Supriya Srinate, who heads social media for the Congress party.

“Our funds have been frozen; we have no money to advertise,” she adds, referring to action taken by India’s tax department weeks before the elections. Congress leaders have accused the government of political vendetta, but the government has denied the allegation and said that the federal department was doing its job independently.

Influencers, Ms Srinate argues, are a good way to reach voters as a result of these alleged hurdles, explaining the Congress has been working with “volunteers” who believe in the party’s ideology and want to share its work on social media.

Ankit Lal, former political advisor of the opposition Aam Aadmi Party (AAP), agrees that influencers have helped democratise the publicity landscape.

Akash Banerjee, a former journalist who runs the YouTube channel, The DeshBhakt, argues that influencers are also able to push boundaries more than the traditional media can.

He cites the video ‘Is India becoming a dictatorship?’ – made by popular content creator Dhruv Rathee, who is based in Germany – which takes on the government directly, and has been viewed about 24 million times on YouTube so far. The government hasn’t reacted to the video yet.

“After the video, the term ‘dictatorship’ has popped up more in conversations, and this is something that has never happened before,” Mr Banerjee says.

“Our job as influencers may not be to open the window and check if it’s really raining, but we owe it to the nation to take a look outside the window and let people know if dark clouds are approaching and that they can do something about it by voting.”


Bruises and broken ribs – Palestinian deaths in Israeli prisons

Supplied Abdulrahman MariAbdulrahman Mari died in an Israeli prison after 7 October

A few days after Hamas attacked Israel and war erupted in Gaza, Umm Mohamed in the occupied West Bank received a telephone call from her son in an Israeli prison.

“Pray for me mum,” Abdulrahman Mari said. “Things are getting harder here. They might not let me speak to you again”.

It would be the last time she heard his voice.

Conditions deteriorated for Palestinian prisoners in Israel after 7 October last year, when Hamas mounted its deadly assault on Israeli communities near the Gaza Strip, according to the West Bank-based Palestinian Authority’s (PA) Commission of Detainees Affairs.

Thirteen Palestinian prisoners have since died in Israeli prisons, “the majority of them as a result of beating or denial of medication”, the commission’s head, Qadoura Fares, told the BBC.

Abdulrahman was one of the first to die.

A carpenter in the village of Qarawat Bani Hassan, he had been on his way back home from work in Ramallah in February last year when he was arrested at a mobile checkpoint. He was taken into administrative detention – under which Israel can hold people indefinitely without charge – in Megiddo prison.

His brother Ibrahim said the charges against him were minor, such as taking part in protests and possessing a firearm, but said he was also accused of belonging to Hamas although there were no specific charges about any activities within the group.

Ibrahim is still trying to piece together how exactly his brother died. He has to rely on testimony from Abdulrahman’s former cellmates, as well as reports from court hearings.

One former cellmate, who spoke to the BBC on condition of anonymity, said: “After 7 October, it was total torture. They beat us for no reason, they searched us for no reason. Even if you look at someone the wrong way.”

He described having seen Abdulrahman heavily beaten in front of him and others.

“At 9am, they came into our cell, and began to beat us. One of the guards began to insult Abdulrahman’s parents, which he didn’t stand for, and he began to fight back.

“They beat him badly, and took him away to another cell upstairs for a week. During that time you could hear him crying out in pain.”

He said he had only found out about Abdulrahman’s death after he left prison a week later.

The Israeli prison service did not directly address the BBC’s questions about Abdulrahman’s death or those of the 12 other named Palestinians that the Commission of Detainees Affairs says have died, saying only: “We are not familiar with the claims described and as far as we know they are not true.”

Getty Images israeli vehicles in Balata in the west bankGetty ImagesIsrael has detained thousands of West Bank Palestinians since 7 October

Professor Danny Rosin, a doctor from the group Physicians for Human Rights, attended the examination of Abdulrahman Mari’s body. His remarks corroborate what Abdulrahman’s cellmate and brother told the BBC.

Prof Rosin’s report mentioned that bruises had been seen over Abdulrahman’s left chest, and that he had several broken ribs. External bruises were also seen on the back, buttocks, left arm and thigh, as well as the right side of the head and neck with no fractures underneath.

It also quoted an additional police report which had mentioned “forceful restraint” being used on Mr Mari six days before his death.

Professor Rosin said in the report that while no specific cause of death had been found, “one may assume that the violence he suffered manifested by the multiple bruises and multiple severe rib fractures contributed to his death”.

He also added that “irregular pulse” or a “heart attack” could result from these injuries without leaving any physical evidence.

Israel currently holds more than 9,300 security prisoners, the vast majority of whom are Palestinians according to the Israeli rights group HaMoked, including more than 3,600 people in administrative detention.

These figures do not include detainees from the Gaza Strip being held in separate facilities by the Israeli military.

Mr Qadoura says the change after 7 October “affected every aspect of the prisoners’ lives”, alleging that prisoners have been subjected to starvation and thirst and some of those with chronic illnesses were denied their medication. Beatings became more regular and more brutal.

“I met a detainee who’d lost 20kg in the last three months,” he said.

“It’s as if the war on Gaza was also a war on Palestinian prisoners. It was all a form of revenge.”

Yasser Hamdan and a pic of his son

Arafat Hamdan was dead within two days of his arrest

The BBC has previously heard from Palestinian prisoners who described being hit with sticks, having muzzled dogs set on them and having their clothes, food and blankets taken away in the weeks after 7 October.

The Israeli prison service has denied any mistreatment, saying that “all prisoners are held in accordance with the law while respecting their basic rights and under the supervision of a professional and skilled prison staff”.

It said prisons had gone into “emergency mode” after war broke out and it had been “decided to reduce the living conditions of the security prisoners”. Examples it gave included removing electrical equipment and cutting electricity to cells and reducing prisoners’ activities in the wings.

In the West Bank village of Beit Sira, Arafat Hamdan’s father showed where Israeli police officers had kicked the door of his family home and stormed in at 04:00 on 22 October looking for his son.

Police covered his son’s face with a thick black cloth and closed it around his neck with a rope. The mask smelled strongly, he said, and Arafat clearly had a hard time breathing with it on.

“I kept trying to comfort him.” Yasser Hamdan told the BBC. “It’s ok. They have nothing against you. They have nothing against us. I kept telling him that as they tied him up outside the house. Then they took him.”

Two days later a phone call came. Arafat had been found dead in his cell in Ofer prison in the West Bank.

Israeli authorities have not explained how he died. Arafat had Type 1 diabetes and would suffer from low blood sugar levels from time to time.

His father said one of the police officers arresting Arafat had told him to bring medicine with him, but it was unclear if he had been able to.

The BBC obtained a report by Dr Daniel Solomon, a surgeon who was present at the post mortem of Arafat Hamdan at the request of Physicians for Human Rights.

Dr Solomon said it had been carried out in Israel on 31 October but added that the condition of the body, due to prolonged refrigeration, had made it harder to determine the cause of death.

He also noted the absence of any records showing if Arafat’s diabetes medication had been administered and at what dosing.

The report also mentioned the need for other tests beyond the post mortem to determine the cause of death.

“Until now we don’t know how he died. Nothing is clear.” Yasser Hamdan said.

Umm Mohamed

Umm Mohammed said Abdulrahman had become a leader of his group of prisoners before his death

Neither Arafat’s nor Abdulrahman’s bodies have yet been returned. Their families want to arrange their own post mortems, hold funerals, and say a final goodbye.

“He was my flesh and blood. Then he was gone in a moment,” Yasser Hamdan said. Photos of his son were everywhere you looked in his apartment.

Umm Mohamed showed photos of Abdulrahman on her phone, pointing to one and saying: “Look at him. He was so cheerful.”

Over time he had become a leader in his group of prisoners, she said.

“He’d call me when he was making breakfast for them when they were all still asleep. He was always the most active. He would never sit still, that boy.”

She broke down. “Bring him back to me. I want to see him one last time. One last look.”


Pelindo Petikemas Berangkatkan 500 Peserta Mudik Gratis


Pelindo Terminal Petikemas Foto: dok Pelindo Terminal Petikemas

Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – PT Pelindo Terminal Petikemas melepas sedikitnya 500 orang penumpang mudik gratis dari Pelabuhan Tanjung Perak ke berbagai kota di Jawa Timur. Adapun para peserta mudik gratis merupakan masyarakat umum dan penumpang kapal laut yang tiba di Pelabuhan Tanjung Perak dan akan kembali ke daerah asal atau kampung halaman pada momentum Idulfitri 1445H/2024.

Corporate Secretary PT Pelindo Terminal Petikemas (SPTP) Widyaswendra mengatakan mudik gratis ini merupakan bagian dari penyelenggaraan “Mudik Asyik Bersama BUMN 2024. Sebagai bagian dari PT Pelabuhan Indonesia (Persero), SPTP ditugaskan untuk menyelenggarakan mudik gratis di Surabaya.

Dalam kegiatan ini, Perseroan menyiapkan 10 unit bus untuk mengantar para pemudik ke berbagai tujuan seperti Jombang, Nganjuk, Madiun, Probolinggo, Lumajang, Jember, Kediri, Tulungagung, dan Trenggalek.

Sebagian besar penumpang mudik gratis hari ini adalah mereka yang turun dari kapal Dorolonda dari Makassar dan kapal Labobar dari Balikpapan yang sebelumnya sudah mendaftar baik secara daring maupun langsung di lokasi keberangkatan,” kata Widyaswendra, dalam keterangan tertulis, Rabu (3/4/2024).

Di samping itu, kata dia, SPTP menyediakan angkutan gratis untuk arus balik bagi yang akan diberangkatkan dari Madiun, Jember, dan Trenggalek dengan tujuan akhir Pelabuhan Tanjung Perak pada 15 April 2024. Angkutan tersebut dapat dimanfaatkan bagi masyarakat yang hendak kembali ke Surabaya atau luar pulau dengan menggunakan kapal laut dengan kuota yang disediakan untuk angkutan balik sejumah 500 tempat duduk.

“Sebagian besar yang memanfaatkan fasilitas gratis ini adalah para pekerja dan keluarga yang hendak kembali ke kampung halaman. Moda transportasi kapal laut masih terjangkau jika dibandingkan dengan pesawat udara,” lanjutnya.

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Sumanto (37) penumpang kapal Labobar mengaku ia dan tujuh temannya merasa terbantu dengan adanya fasilitas mudik gratis ini. Ia tidak harus ke terminal bus yang berjarak 20 km dari Pelabuhan Tanjung Perak untuk menuju kota asalnya Madiun.

“Biasanya saya harus dua kali pindah kendaraan dari Pelabuhan Tanjung Perak ke terminal dan dari terminal ke Madiun. Sekarang cukup sekali jalan, langsung dari pelabuhan ke Madiun,” ujarnya.

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Rayi (36) peserta mudik gratis dari Surabaya bersama lima anggota keluarganya mengaku senang bisa pulang ke kampung halamannya di Trenggalek tanpa biaya. Ia mengaku mengetahui program ini dari media sosial SPTP lalu mendaftar secara daring sesuai informasi tersebut.

“Rencananya kami kembali ke Surabaya juga akan memanfaatkan fasilitas ini. Alhamdulillah kami bisa berhemat, dari terminal Trenggalek menuju rumah juga tidak jauh, hanya 10 menit. Tahun depan kami coba lagi semoga bisa dapat mudik gratishttps://knalpotbelah.com/ lagi,” imbuhnya.

Daya Beli Lesu: Anthoni Salim Ngeluh-Bos Leasing Perketat Kredit


BINTAN ISLAND, INDONESIA - JULY 09: Anthony Salim poses during a portrait session on July 09, 2012 in Bintan Island, Indonesia. Anthony Salim or Liem Sien Hong, son of senior Indonesian businessman Sudono Salim or Liem Sioe Liong, is CEO of Salim Group and one of the 10 Most Influential Business Leaders in Indonesia and Asia. He was considered to be integral in the rebuilding of the Salim Group's business empire after it suffered a setback following the 1998 economic crisis. Before the economic crisis, Salim Group was the largest conglomerate in Indonesia with assets of U.S. $ 10 billion. Forbes magazine even named Liem Sioe Liong, founder of the Salim Group, as one of the richest people in the world. (Photo by Yuli Seperi/Getty Images) Foto: Getty Images/Yuli Seperi

Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – Direktur Utama dan Chief Executive Officer PT Indofood CBP Sukses Makmur Tbk (ICBP) Anthoni Salim, yang merupakan orang terkaya kelima se-Indonesia, menyoroti perihal daya beli masyarakat Indonesia, termasuk konsumsi kelas menengah melemah.

Dia menilai tantangan ekonomi global dan melemahnya daya beli masyarakat menjadi hal yang harus diantisipasi.

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“Perusahaan juga akan terus mencermati kondisi makro ekonomi secara global agar dapat melakukan penyesuaian strategi dengan perkembangan yang terjadi,” ujar Anthoni, seperti dikutip Rabu (27/3/2024).

Namun demikian, dia tetap menilai perekonomian Indonesia ke depan akan tetap tangguh dan bisa mendukung pertumbuhan bisnis serta profit perusahaan, serta mempertahankan neraca keuangan yang sehat.

Pekerja memeriksa mobil bekas yang dijual di Garnet Auto, Jakarta, Jumat (25/11/2022). Perusahaan leasing blak-blakan mengetatkan proses pencairan kredit kendaraan bermotor dan mobil saat ini. (CNBC Indonesia/Andrean Kristianto)Foto: Pekerja memeriksa mobil bekas yang dijual di Garnet Auto, Jakarta, Jumat (25/11/2022). Perusahaan leasing blak-blakan mengetatkan proses pencairan kredit kendaraan bermotor dan mobil saat ini. (CNBC Indonesia/Andrean Kristianto)
Pekerja memeriksa mobil bekas yang dijual di Garnet Auto, Jakarta, Jumat (25/11/2022). Perusahaan leasing blak-blakan mengetatkan proses pencairan kredit kendaraan bermotor dan mobil saat ini. (CNBC Indonesia/Andrean Kristianto)

Lembaga pembiayaan atau leasing mengakui sedang pengetatan dalam pengajuan kredit belakangan ini. Alasan utama leasing melakukan pengetatan karena melihat daya beli masyarakat yang semakin rendah. Dampak kebijakan leasing itu berpengaruh pada anjloknya penjualan kendaraan baik motor maupun mobil di Indonesia.

Berdasarkan data Gabungan Industri Kendaraan Bermotor Indonesia (Gaikindo), data wholesales atau penjualan dari pabrik ke diler selama Januari-Februari 2024 hanya 140.274 unit. Angka ini jeblok 22,6 persen dibandingkan periode yang sama tahun lalu sebanyak 181.329 unit.

“Pengetatan kenyataannya saya rasa itu benar, karena kenapa? Seleksi alam. Kita proses edukasi juga, masyarakat punya keinginan membeli kendaraan tapi mampu nggak? Kita dengar, baca ada penurunan daya beli kita sensitif, bahwa harga bapok juga naik, beras, gula naik. Itu akan jadi perhitungan kami terhadap kebutuhan dari income yang dia dapat, kita simulasikan bisa bayar cicilan atau tidak?” kata Ketua Umum Asosiasi Perusahaan Pembiayaan Indonesia (APPI) Suwandi Wiratno kepada CNBC Indonesia, Kamis (28/03/2024).

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Ketatnya cicilan berpengaruh pada menurunnya penjualan kendaraan. Pelaku otomotif menilai penurunan penjualan itu merupakan output dari berbagai indicator yang kompleks. Sayangnya, berbagai factor minus itu menjadi satu sehingga membuat penjualan mobil langsung jatuh.

“Pertumbuhan ekonomi yang melambat, kurs rupiah yang agak melemah, suku bunga yang mulai pelan-pelan naik, prosedure leasing yang agak melambat,” kata Ketua I Gabungan Industri Kendaraan Bermotor Indonesia (GAIKINDO) Jongkie D. Sugiarto kepadahttps://knalpotbelah.com/ CNBC Indonesia, Rabu (27/3/2024).

Simulasi Pajak THR Pegawai dengan Gaji Rp 10 Juta


Pegawai balai kota melakukan aktivitas setelah libur lebaran  di Kantor Balaikota, Jakarta, Kamis (21/6). Hari pertama bekerja usai libur lebaran Idul Fitri 2018 ini, Pemprov DKI Jakarta melaksanakan acara halal bihalal bersama Gubernur dan Wakil Gubernur DKI Jakarta. Pagi ini terlihat antrian pegawai negeri sipil (PNS) sudah mengular hingga keluar Pendopo Balaikota. Pemerintah akan memberikan sanksi bagi PNS yang membolos di hari pertama kerja tersebut. Sanksi tersebut antara lain berupa teguran lisan bagi mereka yang tidak masuk kerja sampai dengan 5 hari kerja. Teguran tertulis bagi PNS yang tidak masuk kerja tanpa alasan yang sah selama 6 sampai dengan 10 hari kerja. (CNBC Indonesia/Muhammad Sabki) Foto: Ilustrasi pekerja kantoran di Jakarta. CNBC Indonesia/Muhammad Sabki

Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – Menteri Ketenagakerjaan Ida Fauziah mengungkapkan bahwa pemerintah meminta agar pembayaran tunjangan hari raya (THR) bagi karyawan segera dibayarkan H-7 Lebaran.

Dia menegaskan THR itu adalah kewajiban pengusaha yang harus diberikan kepada pekerja atau buruh, untuk memenuhi kebutuhan Lebaran.

“Pembayaran THR paling akhir 1 Minggu atau 7 hari sebelum hari H. Meskipun sudah lazim surat edaran tetap akan kita berikan kepada gubernur ini masih dalam proses administrasi dan segera kita sampaikan. Biasanya memang di awal minggu pertama bulan Ramadan kita keluarkan,” tuturnya, dikutip Rabu (27/3/2024).

Adapun, pegawai umumnya menerima pembayaran THR sebesar satu kali gaji kotor atau gaji bersih (take home pay).

Patut diingat, pajak THR pegawai swasta ditanggung sendiri. Perlu diingat bahwa THR merupakan bagian dari penghasilan yang dikenakan pajak.

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Dalam buku Cermat Pemotongan PPh Pasal 21/26 Direktorat Jenderal Pajak (DJP), disebutkan bahwa penghitungan Pajak Penghasilan (PPh) Pasal 21 Pegawai Tetap adalah menghitung seluruh penghasilan bruto yang diterima dalam satu bulan.

Penghasilan itu meliputi seluruh gaji, segala jenis tunjangan dan penghasilan teratur lainnya, termasuk uang lembur. Lalu, bonus, tunjangan hari raya, jasa produksi, tantiem, gratifikasi, premi, dan penghasilan lain yang sifatnya tidak teratur.

Adapula imbalan sehubungan dengan kegiatan yang diselenggarakan oleh pemberi kerja dan pembayaran iuran jaminan kecelakaan kerja dan iuran jaminan kematian kepada badan penyelenggara jaminan sosial ketenagakerjaan yang dibayarkan pemberi kerja. Berikut ini, perhitungan pajak THR untuk gaji Rp 10 juta per bulan.

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Simulasi Pajak THR Gaji Rp 10 Juta per Bulan

Pegawai A memiliki gaji Rp 10 juta per bulan dan mendapatkan THR setiap Lebaran. Maka, penghasilan bruto setahun Rp 130.000.000 – PTKP Rp 58.500.000 sehingga penghasilan kena pajaknya Rp 71.500.000. Kemudian, karena penghasilan di atas Rp 60 juta, maka dikenakan dua lapisan tarif PPh Pasal 21 terutang setahun yakni 5% dan 15%. Berikut hitungannya:

= 5% x Rp 60.00.000 = Rp 3.000.000

= 15% x 11.500.000 = Rp 1.725.000

Lapisan pertama dan kedua dijumlahkan sehingga hasilnya adalah Rp 4.725.000, itu lah pajak yang dibayar setahun gaji danhttps://knalpotbelah.com/ THR.

Menteri Basuki Ungkap 2,1 Miliar Orang Masih Hidup Tanpa Akses Air


Menteri Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat Basuki Hadimuljono dalam acara CNBC Indonesia Conference  Foto: Menteri Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat Basuki Hadimuljono dalam acara CNBC Indonesia Conference “Water Security and Sustainability” di Auditorium Menara Bank Mega, Selasa, (23/7/2019). (CNBC Indonesia/Muhammad Sabki)

Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – Menteri Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat (PUPR) Basuki Hadimuljono mengatakan, beberapa tantangan menjadi ancaman terhadap ketersediaan pasokan air bersih yang memadai karena pertumbuhan penduduk yang pesat, pembangunan yang tidak terkendali, dan perubahan iklim dunia.

Secara global, sekitar 2,1 miliar orang masih hidup tanpa akses terhadap air dan 80% penduduk yang tinggal di daerah pedesaan masih menggunakan air dari sumber yang tidak memadai.

“Tantangan seperti meningkatnya permintaan air, polusi air, bencana terkait air, dan ketidakadilan air. Seringkali kita menyebutnya “Too Much, Too Little, dan Too Dirty,” kata Menteri Basuki pada webinar Young Water Sustainability Leaders Summit 2024, Sabtu (23/3/2024).

Ia mengatakan adanya kekeringan panjang tahun lalu karena El Nino, yang memberikan dampak kelangkaan beras di tanah air saat ini. Selain itu, cuaca ekstrem, tanggul yang jebol di Demak dan Kudus baru-baru ini. Masalah ini telah berlangsung sejak beberapa dekade yang lalu dan akan terus berlanjut jika kita hanya menjalankan solusi seperti biasa.

Basuki mendorong partisipasi dan kontribusi para generasi muda di seluruh dunia dalam menyukseskan penyelenggaraan World Water Forum ke-10 yang akan digelar di Bali pada 18-25 Mei 2024.

Dalam mengatasi tantangan ini, sangat penting untuk menerapkan pengelolaan sumber daya air yang terintegrasi melalui kolaborasi yang kuat antara pemerintah, parlementer, sektor swasta, akademisi, komunitas, dan generasi muda. Salah satu pendorong manajemen sumber daya air terpadu yang paling signifikan adalah sumber daya manusia, terutama generasi muda.

“Berbagi pengetahuan dengan para ahli, akademisi, pembuat kebijakan dan praktisi akan meningkatkan kompetensi generasi muda untuk berkontribusi melalui berbagai inovasi dan teknologi. Sehingga diharapkan generasi muda dapat ikut menghasilkan solusi tantangan air yang lebih efektif, efisien, dan adaptif,” ujar Menteri Basuki.

Basuki mengajak para generasi muda untuk aktif berpartisipasi dalam World Water Forum ke-10 mendatang dan ikut berkolaborasi dengan para stakeholder lainnya untuk mengatasi semua tantangan air baik tantangan masa ini maupun tantangan potensial di masa depan.

“World Water Forum 2024 mendatang merupakan kesempatan yang sangat baik bagi generasi muda untuk berdiskusi dan bertukar ilmu dengan berbagai pemangku kepentingan dari berbagai negara untuk mencari solusi strategis dan terimplementasi untuk mengatasi berbagai tantangan bidang sumber daya air. Upaya ini penting untuk mewujudkan kemakmuran bersama dan membawa perdamaian melalui sumber daya air,” katanya.

Young Water Sustainability Leaders (YWSL) adalah salah satu rangkaian kegiatan yang diselenggarakan untuk menyambut gelaran World Water Forum ke-10 tahun 2024 di Bali. Kegiatan YWSL dimulai dengan Online Bootcamp yang melibatkan 300 peserta muda di seluruh dunia. Seri YWSL akan segera ditutup dengan pemilihan pemenang yang akan menjadi delegasi pada World Water Forum ke-10 di Bali.

“Acara ini merupakan platform bagi para pemimpin masa depan untuk mengatasi berbagai tantangan sumber daya air dan mendiskusikannya secara mendalam dengan para ahli. Saya berharap inisiatif ini akan berkontribusi dalam mengembangkan generasi muda yang terampil dan responsif di bidang sumber daya air,” katahttps://knalpotbelah.com/ Basuki.

Ungkap Penyelewengan Impor Bawang Putih, Ombudsman Beri Saran Ini


Bawang putih impor dari China di Pasar Kramat Jati, Jakarta Timur, Selasa (27/2/2024). (CNBC Indonesia/Tri Susilo) Foto: Bawang putih impor dari China di Pasar Kramat Jati, Jakarta Timur, Selasa (27/2/2024). (CNBC Indonesia/Tri Susilo)

Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – Anggota Ombudsman RI Yeka Hendra Fatika menilai, seharusnya penerbitan Rancangan Impor Produk Hortikultura (RIPH) bawang putih dilakukan oleh Badan Pangan Nasional (Bapanas), bukan oleh Direktorat Jenderal Hortikultura Kementerian Pertanian (Kementan).

“Jadi Ombudsman RI melihat bahwa kewenangan penerbitan RIPH ini keliru, seharusnya setelah Badan Ketahanan Pangan tidak ada dan Badan Pangan Nasional itu muncul, maka kewenangan penerbitan RIPH itu diserahkan oleh Kementerian Pertanian menjadi tupoksinya Badan Pangan Nasional,” kata Yeka dalam Konferensi Pers Laporan Akhir Hasil Pemeriksaan (LAHP) Maladministrasi dalam Layanan RIPH Bawang Putih di kantornya, Jumat (22/3/2024).

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Yeka menyebut, meskipun selama ini RIPH bawang putih diterbitkan oleh Ditjen Hortikultura Kementan, namun, pihaknya tidak menemukan beleid yang menaungi hal tersebut. Dimana dalam Peraturan Presiden (Perpres) 117 tentang Kementerian Pertanian pada pasal 17 dijelaskan, Ditjen Hortikultura memiliki tugas menyelenggarakan perumusan dan pelaksanaan kebijakan di bidang peningkatan produksi, peningkatan nilai tambah, penguatan daya saing, dan pemasaran komoditas hortikultura.

Menurutnya, hal ini tidak bersinggungan dengan tujuan penerbitan RIPH komoditas, utamanya bawang putih. Sebagai catatan, penerbitan RIPH bawang putih dilakukan untuk menjaga keamanan pangan dan perlindungan terhadap kesehatan.

“Jadi setelah kami cek pasal 17 ini, nggak ada kaitannya bahwa Ditjen Hortikultura bertugas untuk keamanan pangan dan perlindungan terhadap kesehatan,” jelasnya.

Kemudian, Yeka turut membedah beleid lainnya yang berkaitan dengan tugas dan fungsi Ditjen Hortikultura, yaitu Permentan Nomor 19 Tahun 2022. Namun, lagi-lagi Ditjen Hortikultura disebutkan mempunyai tugas menyelenggarakan perumusan dan pelaksanaan di bidang peningkatan, produksi, peningkatan nilai tambah penguatan daya saing dan pemasaran komoditas, sama persis dengan Perpres 117.

“Presiden dan Menteri sudah sama. Tugas dan fungsi Ditjen Hortikultura Kementan tidak memiliki fungsi sebagaimana yang menjadi tujuan dari penerbitan RIPH, yaitu untuk keamanan pangan dan perlindungan terhadap kesehatan,” terang dia.

Sementara, dalam beleid yang menjelaskan tugas dan fungsi Bapanas, yaitu Perpres 66 tahun 2021 tentang Badan Pangan Nasional, tepatnya pada pasal 2, disebutkan adalah kepanjangan tangan pemerintah di bidang pangan.

“Selanjutnya dalam pasal 3 disebutkan juga, bahwa Badan Pangan Nasional menyelenggarakan fungsi koordinasi perumusan, penetapan dan pelaksanaan kebijakan ketersediaan pangan, kan impor itu kebijakan ketersediaan pangan,” ujarnya.

Yeka menilai, pasal 3 ini sudah dapat menjadi kunci, Bapanas lah yang memiliki wewenang terkait ketersediaan pangan dan keamanan pangan. Dijelaskan juga dalam pasal 4 ayat 1 beleid yang sama, Bapanas merupakan lembaga yang memiliki wewenang terhadap komoditas pangan bawang putih.

“Terus kita cek lagi ternyata di pasal 4 ayat 1 disebutkan bawang putih adalah salah satu jenis pangan yang menjadi tusinya (tugas dan fungsinya) Bapanas dalam menjalankan tugas pemerintah di bidang pangan,” kata Yeka.

“Dengan demikian, seharusnya penerbitan RIPH untuk komoditas bawang putih diselenggarakan oleh Badan Pangan Nasional, bukan oleh Ditjen hortikultura Kementerian Pertanian ya, ini regulasi bukan fatwanya https://knalpotbelah.com/Ombudsman,” pungkasnya.